Teruskan Pakai Zoom atau Tidak?

Oleh: Sonny Zulhuda

Dikarenakan kondisi darurat pergerakan akibat pandemi Covid-19 saat ini, beberapa produk dan jasa bisnis meroket karena permintaan meningkat. Food delivery, e-commerce portal dan online meeting platform di antara yang menangguk keuntungan. Zoom sendiri sudah menorehkan peningkatan pemakaian 20 kali lipat. Biasanya hanya 10 juta meeting online perbulan, kini setidaknya ada 200 juta meeting online sebulan.

Pertanyaan yang kini banyak dilontarkan masyarakat: Amankah untuk memakai Zoom?

Zoom ini layaknya banyak platform media online lainnya seperti Skype, Google Hangouts dan lain lain. Masing-masing ada kelebihan dan kekurangan baik dari segi setting (setelan), features (spesifikasi) teknis dan non-teknis, ongkos ataupun fasilitas lainnya.

Zoom, seperti layaknya produk lain, sangat mungkin memiliki kekurangan dan kelemahan sistem. Apakah yang lain itu aman? Ketika banyak kasus curi mobil yang melibatkan mobil merek tertentu, apakah karena mobil mereka lain lebih aman? Tidak juga. Mungkin saja karena mobil merek itu adalah yang paling banyak penggunanya sehingga lebih mudah dipelajari, lebih mudah dicari kuncinya dan lebih mudah dijual hasil curiannya.

Ketika penggunaan Zoom meningkat sampai 20 kali ganda, perlu dipahami dari dua sisi: Pengguna dan Penyedia jasa. Dari sisi ppengguna, banyak sekali dari mereka yang baru pertama kali memakai platform seperti ini. Banyak diantara mereka yang baru sekali itu melakukan online meeting. Malah parahnya, banyak juga di antara mereka yang baru pertama kali menggunakan teknologi internet! Bisa dibayangkan apakah para pengguna ini mengerti tentang seluk beluk lalu lintas Internet yang penuh dengan risiko dan rambu-rambunya?

Continue reading

Data Protection Ecosystem for Financial Institution

By: Sonny Zulhuda

Data is asset in today’s interconnected world. With the changing digital lifestyle and emerging digital workplace, managing personal data becomes a key trust factor for organisations.


The digitalisation of process and records, mobile workplace concept, synchronisation of gadgets and data, as well as emergence of smart contract have all contributed to this change.

Internally, managing data serves as a critical assets management. Externally, it becomes a shield of legal compliance as well as a key competitive value in a more increasingly regulated environment.

In many parts of the world, Continue reading

Survey on Artificial Intelligence and Ethics

On this page, I’ve listed down some of the references I am gathering of late while surveying about AI, ethics and data protection. Here are some:

  1. Sidi Ahmed, Sidi Mohamed and Zulhuda, Sonny (2019) Data protection challenges in the internet of things era: an assessment of protection offered by PDPA 2010. International Journal of Law, Government and Communication, 4 (17). pp. 1-12, at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID3513528_code2666494.pdf?abstractid=3513528&mirid=1.
  2. Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Ethics and Governance of AI, at https://cyber.harvard.edu/topics/ethics-and-governance-ai
  3. Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Artificial Intelligence in Society, at https://cyber.harvard.edu/story/2019-06/artificial-intelligence-society.
  4. OECD, “Report on AI in Society”, Digital Journal 12 June 2019, at http://www.digitaljournal.com/tech-and-science/technology/oecd-issues-report-on-ai-in-society/article/551839.
  5. OECD, Artificial Intelligence in Society, Report published on June 11, 2019, at https://read.oecd.org/10.1787/eedfee77-en?format=pdf.
  6. Draft: A UN System-wide Strategic Approach and Roadmap for Supporting
    Capacity Development on Artificial Intelligence, at https://drive.google.com/file/d/1eVao9WvzDPyKIVp9Pcti9_BEDQc5cncy/view.
  7. “Artificial Intelligence & Human Rights: Opportunities & Risks,” Berkman Klein Center Research Publication No. 2018-6, at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3259344.
  8. International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Report on “Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Development Series – Module on Setting the Stage for AI Governance: Interfaces, Infrastructures, and Institutions for Policymakers and Regulators,” July 2018, at https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Conferences/GSR/Documents/GSR2018/documents/AISeries_GovernanceModule_GSR18.pdf.
  9. World Economic Forum (WEF), Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, at https://www.weforum.org/agenda/archive/artificial-intelligence-and-robotics/.
  10. Princeton University. Dialogues on AI and Ethics: Case Studies, at https://aiethics.princeton.edu/case-studies/case-study-pdfs/

  11. Artificial Intelligence for Global Good, ITU News Magazine 01/2018, at https://www.itu.int/en/itunews/Documents/2018/2018-01/2018_ITUNews01-en.pdf.

  12. G20 Ministerial Statement on Trade and Digital Economy (Including on AI), at https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/000486596.pdf.

  13. SMU Centre for AI and Data Governance (CAIDG), at https://caidg.smu.edu.sg/.


Corona Alarm: When Virus Viraling is A Criminal Offence

By: Sonny Zulhuda

coronavirus_update920.jpg.daijpg.600Everyone now speaks about this COVID-19, the latest Corona virus epidemic which started in China recently and had now affected over 45,000 people worldwide, and killed more than 1,200 people. People talk about it because it is everyone’s concern. It is about life and death (beyond just economy!).

The problem now is, we have too much information to the extent that it is so hard to identify the truth behind each piece of information. Some of those info may have led to increasing fear and panic. I believe this is not what we want: mixing facts with fiction, then distorting our priorities.

It is interesting to note recently (the past few days) that some penal sanctions were upheld by courts in Malaysia against those who are found to spread fake news or information about COVID-19. Here are some excerpts from one media report (The Star Online, 13 Feb 2020):

“Retiree fined RM5,000 for spreading fake news” Continue reading

Sharing on PDP Law in Malaysia

By: Sonny Zulhuda

IMG-20190611-WA0041.jpgFriday, 13th December 2019 – I am scheduled to address the IT Law Class in AIKOL, IIUM discussing the topic of Personal Data Protection Law in Malaysia. The slides can be obtained here: PDP LAW for IT Law Class 131219.

Thank You Dr. Mahyuddin for inviting me in.

See you in class brothers and sisters ­čÖé


Urgensi Undang-undang Perlindungan Data Pribadi di Indonesia

By: Sonny Zulhuda

Materi presentasi: STIHPADA 2019



Education in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0

By: Sonny Zulhuda

Today we welcome the visit by the delegates from Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) Jakarta, Indonesia to IIUM Campus.

IMG-20191024-WA0049.jpgThe Rector of UAI Prof. Dr. Ir. Asep Saefuddin, M.Sc will be delivering his public lecture on “Education in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0” at the the Law Faculty Building, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak, Selangor.

This event is jointly organised by the IIUM International Office and PPI-IIUM (Indonesian Students Association in IIUM).

The presentation material can now be downloaded here: Education Toward Society 5.0 ASEAN Model_IIUM_25 Oktober 2019

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