Privasi dan Integritas Teknologi

Dr Sonny Zulhuda

This article, in Indonesian, was published in the national daily REPUBLIKA, on 3rd April 2018. This piece highlights the ultimate need to have a privacy-embedded technologies. Respecting privacy is a prerequisite to maintain the integrity in the use of technology. As I concluded, the connectivity that we currently enjoy shall not eliminate the identity and integrity that shape who we are, as individuals and nation.

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boss-spying-on-youBerbagai isu kebocoran data pribadi seperti yang baru-baru ini berlaku pada data registrasi nomor telpon seluler di Indonesia, dan juga pada data pengguna Facebook di Amerika Serikat (AS), membawa kita kepada pertanyaan yang lebih fundamental, yaitu hak privasi terhadap data. Apakah hak privasi itu sendiri?

Jarang didefinisikan, namun sering diperdebatkan. Misalnya, dalam menyikapi isu penyadapan komunikasi oleh penegak hukum di Indonesia, masyarakat kita berpolemik sejauh mana penyadapan bisa dilakukan, mengingat efeknya yang mengoyak kebebasan dalam berkomunikasi. UUD 1945 menjamin hak kita untuk berkomunikasi dan menyampaikan pemikiran atau pendapat. Jika komunikasi kita disadap, maka hak kita sudah disunat. Dalam konteks inilah Dewan Keamanan Nasional AS dikritik tajam ketika mantan pekerjanya Edward Snowden mengungkap praktik Badan itu dalam mengawasi komunikasi dan data pribadi pengguna Internet AS dan global.

Di Malaysia, pengadilan memvonis salah perbuatan memasang kamera CCTV di pekarangan rumah sendiri namun mengarahkannya ke halaman rumah orang lain karena mengganggu privasi tetangganya. Di Afganistan, orang dilarang memanjat genteng rumahnya sendiri sebelum memberitahukan tetangganya agar si jiran tidak terlihat dalam kondisi yang memalukan. Di Korea, kamera telpon seluler harus disetting dengan suara yang cukup nyaring sehingga orang tahu jika ia difoto di kawasan publik. Semua contoh diatas muaranya sama, yaitu melindungi privasi orang.

Kita tidak ingin teknologi modern yang nisbi menggerus sisi kemanusiaan yang universal dan hakiki. Teknologi informasi kita di negeri ini tidak boleh bebas nilai, dan tidak boleh pula miskin nilai. Koneksitas dan mobilitas yang semakin baik merupakan anugerah yang harus kita syukuri. Namun perlu diingat, koneksitas tidak dapat menghapus identitas, dan mobilitas tidak bisa meminggirkan integritas. Majulah TI di Indonesia.

Berasal dari bahasa Inggris, “privacy” berarti hak untuk bersendirian dan untuk tidak diawasi oleh orang lain. Padanannya dalam bahasa Arab adalah “huquq fardiyyah” (hak-hak pribadi) atau “huquq al-hurmah” (dignity atau maruah).

Dalam dialektika Alquran, Continue reading

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“Can my lecturer access my personal information?” – And Other Issues of Data Protection at the Higher Learning Institutions 

By: Sonny Zulhuda 

In the past week alone, I spoke about the personal data protection law at two Malaysian public universities; Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) Kuala Terengganu and Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Pekan. While the former was an internal programme, the latter talk was attended by other public universities’representatives who were members of Majlis Tatatertib dan Disiplin Universiti-universiti Awam Malaysia (MATDUM).

In this post, I would like to note some discussions we had on the implementation of the Personal Data Protection Act 2010 at the University environment.

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The education industry is indeed among those where personal information is highly processed. The data subjects include students (prospective, actual and graduates), university’s employees, as well as any individuals involved in the data processing.

Continue reading

Personal Data Protection a Key Concern for Human Resources (HR) Professional

By: Sonny Zulhuda

More personally identifiable information (PII) is being captured in the commercial activities across sectors and industries. The workplace today has become a battleground for protecting employees’ valuable personal data that includes their personal records, financial status, medical information as well as the professional data relating to their jobs.

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As a result, it is not too much to say that managing human resource HR) data has now become a critical success factor for organisations both internally and externally. Internally, because an effective and sustainable personal data management supports the works of everyone in the organization who relies on those data. Externally, because personal data has now become a crucial issue closely linked with managing trust and competitiveness while trying to grab the best human capital in the industry.

Given this, a Human Resource (HR) manager plays a central role to ensure that personal data of the employees and anyone around them would remain as assets and not turn out as liabilities for the commercial organizations. And for Malaysian employers, dealing with personal data of their employees, customers as well as their service providers has transformed from largely a business and operational issue to a legal and compliance concern.

With the enforcement of the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Act 2010 (Act 709), the operational landscape for human resource management has tremendously changed. The Act tasks the employers with a series of obligations relating to the collection, use, disclosure and retention of the personal data in their control, including data of employees, job applicants, former workers, outsourced service providers, vendors and customers.

Even though measures from industrial laws and guidelines are abundant and in place, employers are still in the dark about the multi-dimensional effect of the PDP Act 2010 on the employment relationship. Many practical issues arose in the workplace and throughout the employment lifecycle. These questions would likely arise:

  • Who are implicated by the PDP Act 2010?
  • What are the seven data protection principles in the Act and how do I (as an HR manager) implement them in my scope of work? Continue reading
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