Survey on Artificial Intelligence and Ethics

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On this page, I’ve listed down some of the references I am gathering of late while surveying about AI, ethics and data protection. Here are some:

  1. Sidi Ahmed, Sidi Mohamed and Zulhuda, Sonny (2019) Data protection challenges in the internet of things era: an assessment of protection offered by PDPA 2010. International Journal of Law, Government and Communication, 4 (17). pp. 1-12, at
  2. Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Ethics and Governance of AI, at
  3. Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Artificial Intelligence in Society, at
  4. OECD, “Report on AI in Society”, Digital Journal 12 June 2019, at
  5. OECD, Artificial Intelligence in Society, Report published on June 11, 2019, at
  6. Draft: A UN System-wide Strategic Approach and Roadmap for Supporting
    Capacity Development on Artificial Intelligence, at
  7. “Artificial Intelligence & Human Rights: Opportunities & Risks,” Berkman Klein Center Research Publication No. 2018-6, at
  8. International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Report on “Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Development Series – Module on Setting the Stage for AI Governance: Interfaces, Infrastructures, and Institutions for Policymakers and Regulators,” July 2018, at
  9. World Economic Forum (WEF), Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, at
  10. Princeton University. Dialogues on AI and Ethics: Case Studies, at

  11. Artificial Intelligence for Global Good, ITU News Magazine 01/2018, at

  12. G20 Ministerial Statement on Trade and Digital Economy (Including on AI), at

  13. SMU Centre for AI and Data Governance (CAIDG), at


Corona Alarm: When Virus Viraling is A Criminal Offence

By: Sonny Zulhuda

coronavirus_update920.jpg.daijpg.600Everyone now speaks about this COVID-19, the latest Corona virus epidemic which started in China recently and had now affected over 45,000 people worldwide, and killed more than 1,200 people. People talk about it because it is everyone’s concern. It is about life and death (beyond just economy!).

The problem now is, we have too much information to the extent that it is so hard to identify the truth behind each piece of information. Some of those info may have led to increasing fear and panic. I believe this is not what we want: mixing facts with fiction, then distorting our priorities.

It is interesting to note recently (the past few days) that some penal sanctions were upheld by courts in Malaysia against those who are found to spread fake news or information about COVID-19. Here are some excerpts from one media report (The Star Online, 13 Feb 2020):

“Retiree fined RM5,000 for spreading fake news” Continue reading

Sharing on PDP Law in Malaysia

By: Sonny Zulhuda

IMG-20190611-WA0041.jpgFriday, 13th December 2019 – I am scheduled to address the IT Law Class in AIKOL, IIUM discussing the topic of Personal Data Protection Law in Malaysia. The slides can be obtained here: PDP LAW for IT Law Class 131219.

Thank You Dr. Mahyuddin for inviting me in.

See you in class brothers and sisters 🙂


Urgensi Undang-undang Perlindungan Data Pribadi di Indonesia

By: Sonny Zulhuda

Materi presentasi: STIHPADA 2019



Education in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0

By: Sonny Zulhuda

Today we welcome the visit by the delegates from Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) Jakarta, Indonesia to IIUM Campus.

IMG-20191024-WA0049.jpgThe Rector of UAI Prof. Dr. Ir. Asep Saefuddin, M.Sc will be delivering his public lecture on “Education in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0” at the the Law Faculty Building, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak, Selangor.

This event is jointly organised by the IIUM International Office and PPI-IIUM (Indonesian Students Association in IIUM).

The presentation material can now be downloaded here: Education Toward Society 5.0 ASEAN Model_IIUM_25 Oktober 2019

Several Aspects of Regulating Financial Technology (Fintech)

By: Sonny Zulhuda

IMG_20191007_221021_242Minggu ini saya diminta bicara di Seminar International tentang Fintech di 3rd International Conference on Islamic Epistemology (ICIE) 2019 Indonesia di Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI) Jakarta, Indonesia.

Di antara key points yang akan saya sampaikan adalah:

1. Fintech (Financial Technology) adalah inovasi yang harus dijaga (bukan malah dihalang-halangi) oleh regulasi.

2. Fintech tidak tumbuh dalam ruang nir-regulasi (legal vacuum) oleh karena itu masih harus taat terhadap aturan main yang ada.

3. Pengaturan Fintech perlu hati-hati, sinergis dan technology-neutral, jika tidak maka regulasi akan kounter produktif dan fintek layu sebelum berkembang.

4. Layaknya mengatur produk-produk teknologi, mengatur fintek perlu memadukan berbagai aspek termasuk norma, pasar, arsitektur dan juga kode/pengaturan.

5. Terakhir, kita perlu awas terhadap ruang-ruang samar (blindspot) dalam pengaturan data fintek.

DOKUMEN PAPARAN/SLIDES bisa diunduh disini ICIE UAI 2019


15705050726624888919158111138120Terimakasih kepada penyelenggara seminar UAI dan IIIT yang telah mengundang saya untuk berbagi.

Beberapa slides dibawah didapati dari presentasi Pembicara kunci dari Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) Indonesia:


IMG_20191008_102848Nasrun minallah wa fathun qarib. Semoga bermanfaat.

The Rule of Law, Democracy and Human Rights: New Norm on Data Protection



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