Intellectual Property Rights and Open Data in the Digital Environment

By: Sonny Zulhuda

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A close forum named Focus Group Discussion (FGD) on IPR and Open Data in the Digital Environment was recently held on 9th November 2018 at Al-Nawawi Conference Room, Ahmad Ibrahim Kuliyyah of Law, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). The event was involving two universities from two countries which are the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and Universitas Padjadjaran (UNPAD), Indonesia.

In his welcoming remarks, the Dean of Ahmad Ibrahim Kuliyyah of Laws, Prof. Dato’ Sri Dr. Ashgar Ali Ali Mohamed extended his gratitude and warm welcome to the delegations from UNPAD. He believed that this two-way discussion should be conducted more regularly in promoting the intellectual discourse between two countries. In a reciprocal gesture, Prof Dr H Ahmad M. Ramli from the Faculty of Law, UNPAD in his keynote address appreciated the initiative by IIUM in conducting this group discussion.

This FGD was part of the research work under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme, funded by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia. The group discussion was divided into 4 sessions, involving 11 speakers altogether; 7 from UNPAD and 4 from IIUM. Here are some excerpts:

Session 1: IPR Between Tradition and Innovation Continue reading

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“Right to be Forgotten” in Indonesian Data Protection Law (A Focus Group Discussion with BINUS University)

By: Sonny Zulhuda

This report is based on what has been written on BINUS Website in the original Indonesian version. The Focus Group Discussion took place on 11th August 2018 in Kuala Lumpur. The participants were Prof. Dr. Shidarta, Prof. Dr. Bambang Pratama, and Reinhard Christian Surya from BINUS Law School, Jakarta and myself. The main topic was on the the right to be forgotten.

I reckoned in that meeting that the regulation on right to be forgotten as introduced in the latest 2016 amendment to the Indonesian e-transactions laws (namely UU ITE in Indonesian) was a drastic development bearing in mind that there is still no comprehensive legislation in Indonesia dealing with the protection of personal data which is now increasingly becoming a new global norm. In my view, Indonesia should first settle with the currently ongoing debate on the draft bill of the Personal Data Protection law.

Right to be forgotten is indeed a sub-set of many rights relating to personal data processing of an individuals. In many laws, this right to be forgotten is interchangeably discussed with the right to data deletion.

fgd binus 2018

In Malaysia this right is impliedly given because it mandates every data user (those who process personal data of individuals) to ensure data are deleted when they are no longer necessarily required. Similar provisions can be found in the laws of other countries such as UK, Hong Kong and Singapore. In Indonesia, there is still no law (Undang-undang) which defines and lays down similar requirements.

In its Indonesian report, the Website continues to note: Continue reading

Gaduh Data Facebook

This post was first published by Indonesian Daily Harian Republika in its Op-ed column on Monday, 26 March 2018. Reproduced here for educational and non-commercial purposes.

Oleh: Sonny Zulhuda

Berita terungkapnya penggunaan data 50 juta pengguna Facebook di Amerika Serikat (AS) menambah panjang daftar keresahan dan keluhan masyarakat internasional terhadap media sosial yang dipimpin oleh Mark Zuckerberg itu.

Terungkap, data tersebut digunakan konsultan pemilu Cambridge Analytica di AS untuk menganalisa pola dan kecenderungan warga calon pemilih di Pemilu AS. Perusahaan ini juga dianggap menyukseskan kemenangan Donald Trump pada Pemilu 2016 lalu.

Walaupun sepak terjang konsultan Pemilu sudah sering kita dengar, kali ini kita mendapatkan fakta gamblang bagaimana analisis big data dilakukan terhadap jutaan calon pemilih dengan tujuan melakukan pemetaan pemilih serta penyebaran propaganda peserta pemilu secara langsung ke sasaran.

Gambaran mudahnya, jika dalam pilkada daerah X diketahui sejumlah besar warga pemilih dalam di wilayah itu menyukai sepakbola, maka sang konsultan akan mengemas si cagub atau cabup sebagai seorang yang gemar sepakbola serta mengusung agenda terkait sepak bola untuk bahan kampanyenya.

Yang menjadi kegundahan dan kegaduhan adalah data analytics tersebut dilakukan berdasarkan data pribadi pengguna media sosial yang sebelumnya tidak pernah diberitahu bahwa datanya akan dipakai untuk keperluan komersial oleh konsultan pemilu itu.

Dalam konteks etika dan hukum, hal ini bisa dianggap breach of confidence atau breach of privacy, semacam pelanggaran atas privasi dan kerahasiaan yang bisa mengakibatkan kesalahan perdata bahkan pidana.

Apalagi, kita tahu data pribadi kita di Facebook bisa sangat menyeluruh. Mulai dari identitas (nama, tanggal lahir, nomor KTP/Jaminan sosial); data historis (asal daerah, pendidikan, pekerjaan, karier); data geografis (tempat tinggal, perjalanan, komunikasi); biologis (gambar wajah dan anatomi tubuh yang memaparkan tinggi dan berat badan, wana kulit, rambut dan mata); sampai data lainnya, seperti preferensi, anggota keluarga, pilihan politik, pertemanan dan lain-lain.

Continue reading

Cyber Law and the Quest for the Information-Age Legal Education

By Sonny Zulhuda

Talk about the Information Age has filled many seminars, newspapers, books, web-pages, blogs, etc. But has it invited law students and law academia too? Have our students be adequately equipped by the understanding (conceptually, technically and so on) of what Information Age is, and how it challenges the notion of law taught in law schools? These are the questions that preoccupy many legal minds concerned of legal education.

Information Age is about the change, not only on gadgets, but also on the way we live as well as change of perspectives. For legal fraternities (i.e. lawyers, attorneys, judges and legal academia), it is critical to acknowledge this change, and not leaving it only to the hands of computer scientists. This is because the Information Age is a discourse of a cross-disciplinary realm. No less than information scientists, engineers, lawyers, accountants, sociologists, political scientists and business people are all concerned. They could even find themselves incapacitated if they choose to work separately. In the word of Boyle, this is called the collapse of disciplinary boundaries.

The above forms the background of my paper in the international seminar on Cyberlaw soon to be organised by the Faculty of Law, Islamic University of Sultan Agung (UNISSULA), Semarang, Indonesia on Wednesday, 26th October 2011.  Hopefully this can invite a fruitful discussion among the faculty members and the seminar attendees.

The paper basically hypothesizes that in order to capably address legal issues and challenges in future, our legal education should be re-looked at and reformed. The Information Age environment should become an integral consideration in learning law (regardless the area; commercial, civil, criminal, constitutional, administrative, etc.). It argues not only for the introduction of cyber law in the law syllabus, but also the integration of the issues and discussion with other major and disciplines. On top of that, we can borrow Prof Palfrey’s thesis on ‘digital native‘ and ‘digital migrant’ so as to allow law to improve and deliver in the future.

 

Data Privacy in Indonesia — Quo Vadis?

Oleh: Sonny Zulhuda

(Disadur dari Kolom Telematika di Detikinet.com terbit tgl 24/1/2011 disini)

boss-spying-on-youBerita tentang kemungkinan kebocoran (atau tepatnya pembocoran) 25 juta data pelanggan telekomunikasi di Indonesia merupakan sebuah isu yang perlu dicermati lebih dalam. Kejadian serupa telah menghantui komunitas pengguna dan pelanggan jasa telekomunikasi (termasuk e-commerce) di berbagai belahan di dunia.

Dengan berbagai inovasi teknologi informasi, data pribadi tidak lagi dilihat sebagai kelengkapan transaksi, namun telah menjadi komoditas bisnis. Tidak salah jika muncul anggapan bahwa tambang data (data mining) tidak lama lagi akan menjadi primadona bisnis menggantikan tambang emas yang makin terkikis ketersediaannya.

Inti permasalahan tentang kebocoran data konsumen terletak pada beberapa kesalahan berpikir yang perlu segera dikoreksi. Pertama, bahwa DATA (termasuk data pribadi) tidak seperti harta/aset yang memiliki sifat dan hak-hak terkait perlindungan properti (property rights). Kedua, bahwa hak melindungi kepentingan dan kehidupan PRIBADI bukan merupakan bagian dari hak asasi manusia.

Continue reading

IT Law Improves Country’s Competitiveness

By: Sonny Zulhuda

The above is my paper that I delivered in a seminar at Law Faculty, University Diponegoro (Undip), Semarang, this month (June 2o1o). More than 120 participants attended mostly academics, faculties and law students from that University. Beside me as speaker was Prof. Dr. Nyoman Sarikat Putrajaya from the Law Faculty of Undip.

We discussed how the cyberlaw and other IT-related legislation can improve the competitiveness of the country, in this respect Indonesia. Variety of issues were being highlighted and debated including international law, cybercrime, content regulation, e-commerce law, phishing and carding, personal data protection, and -unsurprisingly the most popular topic- the latest incident of online porn that involved some national celebrities.

The program was organised by the Asian Law Students Association (ALSA), Undip Local Chapter in cooperation with Law Firm Prihatwono & Partners. My long-time friend Rico from the Law Firm acted as the moderator. Should you are interested to know further about the paper, you can let me know by email (zulhuda at yahoo dot com). Ah, by the way, it is in Indonesian language! 🙂

Domain name dispute: Sony Corp. vs Sony A.K. (an Indonesian blogger)

On Friday, March 12, 2010, a prominent Indonesian online news portal, Detik.com reported about a legal notice served by Sony Corp. against an Indonesian blogger by name of Sony A.K.

Sony Corp. claimed there is an infringement of their registered trade mark by the young blogger who registered and owns a domain name by name of http://www.sony-ak.com. My viewpoint on this issue was published in the same news portal on that day itself.

The article, as reported by Detikinet.com, quoted my view that the legal notice taken by Sony Corp. would unlikely be successful, judging from the three-point yardstick normally adopted in international arbitration cases involving domain name disputes as prescribed in Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution (UDRP). This UDRP has been commonly adopted by international arbitration agencies at WIPO, ICANN and many others. Continue reading

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